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You can fine-tune your search query and increase the accuracy of its results by using special characters and operators, such as +, -, ~, .., OR, and quotation marks.
Force Google to include a term by preceding the term with a "+" sign.
The + operator is typically used in front of stop words that Google would otherwise ignore or when you want Google to return only those pages that match your search terms exactly.
Precede each term you do not want to appear in any result with a "-" sign.
Find synonyms by preceding the term with a ~, which is known as the tilde or synonym operator.
Note: Currently the synonym operator is only supported on Google Web and Directory search.
Specify synonyms or alternative forms with an uppercase OR or | (vertical bar).
Use quotes (" ") to group compound words and phrases together.
Specify that results contain numbers in a range by specifying two numbers, separated by two periods, with no spaces.
This table summarizes how to use basic search operators.
You may include any of these operators multiple times in a query.
|terms1 terms2||with both term1 and term2|
| term1 OR |
|with either term1 or term2 or both||
[ Tahiti OR Hawaii ] |
[ Tahiti | Hawaii ]
|+term||with term (The + operator is typically used in front of stop words that Google would otherwise ignore or when you want Google to return only pages that match your search terms exactly. However, the + operator can be used on any terms.)||[ +i spy ]|
| ~|| with term or
one of its synonyms|
(currently supported on Web and Directory search)
|[ google ~guide ]|
|number1..number2|| with a number in the
specified range||[ trail-a-bike $50..$350 ]|
| "||with the exact phrase, a proper name, or a set of words in a specific order||
[ "I have a dream" ]|
[ "Rio de Janeiro" ]
This page was last modified on Monday January 02, 2006.
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